The Use of Clustering Technique to Improve Students Writing Ability on Descriptive Text at The Eighth Grade of SMP Muhammadiyah 1 Metro

Mardiana, Reny (2019) The Use of Clustering Technique to Improve Students Writing Ability on Descriptive Text at The Eighth Grade of SMP Muhammadiyah 1 Metro. Undergraduate thesis, IAIN Metro.

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Abstract

Writing is one of the most difficult language skills that should be mastered by students in learning English. In writing there are several kinds of text such as narrative, descriptive, argumentative, and persuasive. Descriptive text is one of text which has to be mastered by the eighth grade students of the Junior High School. But, there are some problems that faced by the eighth grade students of Junior High School Muhammadiyah 1 Metro in writing descriptive text. So it caused the result of learning is low. Therefore, to increase the descriptive writing skill among the students, the writer used Clustering Technique in learning process. Clustering Technique is known as a useful technique to help and guide students in generating their ideas in writing a paragraph, especially in writing descriptive text. The goal of this research is to know whether Clustering Technique can improve students writing ability on descriptive text at the eighth grade of Junior High School Muhammadiyah 1 Metro.

This research was classroom action research (CAR) which involved 26 students in class VIII.D and was conducted in two cycles. Each cycle consisted of planning, acting, observing and reflecting. The data were taken from writing test to figure out the students’ knowledge in writing descriptive text. Furthermore, the writer used observation technique to get the data about students’ learning activities. The writer also used the documentation method to support the information concerning on the learning English. This research was conducted with an English teacher of Junior High School Muhammadiyah 1 Metro.

The result of this research shows that Clustering Technique has positive role in improving students writing ability on descriptive text at the eighth grade of Junior High School Muhammadiyah 1 Metro. It can be proved by the students’ average score from pre-test and post-test. The average score in pre test was 61,5 in post test I was 67,6 and the post test II was 75,1. It can be inferred that Clustering Technique can improve students writing ability on descriptive text at the eighth grade of Junior High School Muhammadiyah 1 Metro.

Keywords: Descriptive text, Clustering Technique, Writing ability.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects: Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris
Divisions: Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Ilmu Kependidikan > Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris
Depositing User: Aan Gufroni .
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2020 10:32
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2020 10:32
URI: https://repository.metrouniv.ac.id/id/eprint/716

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